Soon the Portuguese had conquered and populated islands like Madeira and Cape Verde, and their rival nation, Spain, decided to try exploration, too.
Colonialism facts and information
In , Christopher Columbus began looking for a western route to India and China. Instead, he landed in the Bahamas, kicking off the Spanish Empire.
Spain and Portugal became locked in competition for new territories and took over indigenous lands in the Americas, India, Africa, and Asia. England, the Netherlands, France, and Germany quickly began their own empire building overseas, fighting Spain and Portugal for the right to lands they had already conquered. Despite the growth of European colonies in the New World, most countries managed to gain independence during the 18th and 19th century, beginning with the American Revolution in and the Haitian Revolution in However, the Eastern Hemisphere continued to tempt European colonial powers.
Starting in the s, European nations focused on taking over African lands, racing one another to coveted natural resources and establishing colonies they would hold until an international period of decolonization began around , challenging European colonial empires up to Colonial powers justified their conquests by asserting that they had a legal and religious obligation to take over the land and culture of indigenous peoples.
Despite the power of colonizers who claimed lands that were already owned and populated by indigenous peoples, resistance is an integral part of the story of colonialism. Even before decolonization, indigenous people on all continents staged violent and nonviolent resistance to their conquerors. Colonial governments invested in infrastructure and trade and disseminated medical and technological knowledge.
In some cases, they encouraged literacy, the adoption of Western human rights standards , and sowed the seeds for democratic institutions and systems of government. Be the first to ask a question about History of Colonisation.
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My understanding is that this is a translation of the original French version, if so that could perhaps explain the difficulty in reading. That, or the prose is just bloody awful and has not been edited well!
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A lack of footnotes betray the extensive bibliography, and the arguments seem rather outdated and more than bettered by works such as John Dawin's After Tamerlane. Zor okunan bir kitap. Jul 23, Malcolm rated it really liked it Shelves: history-global.
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An impressive and engaging comparative history of colonialism that gets beyond the single state or empire to explore colonialism and a global phenomenon to present it as a complex and uneven process of contest and competition between colonising powers and those they seek to dominate.
Ferro's broad sweep includes medieval Russia as well as the more usual suspects of the high era of 19th century colonialism.
Settler Colonization and Societies in World History: Patterns and Concepts
Highly recommended. Nov 10, Alexia Moon rated it liked it Shelves: history-and-archeology , non-fiction , read-in The author is not very coherent and often gets confused and jumps in time without a line of thought. Petr Caloun rated it it was amazing Jun 17, Mohamad Abdulmajeed rated it it was amazing Apr 08, Alvaro Iriarte rated it really liked it Aug 14, Selcuk Sumengen rated it it was amazing Aug 11, Michal rated it really liked it Aug 21, Chris Logan rated it liked it May 14, Zita K. Sep 07, Martin Willoughby rated it liked it.
Despite the blurb, this is still a eurocentric book. Still a reasonable read. Ken rated it liked it Oct 16, Andrei Neagoe rated it it was amazing Mar 20, Zagden rated it it was amazing Apr 24, Mads Nielsen rated it really liked it Oct 28, Emel rated it really liked it Sep 11, Jiagemented rated it liked it Feb 16, Christinne rated it it was ok Mar 10,
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